how to get type 2 diabetes under control

Type 2 diabetes is a serious health condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is a chronic condition that can lead to serious complications if not managed properly. Fortunately, there are steps you can take to get your type 2 diabetes under control and reduce your risk of developing complications. With the right strategies and lifestyle changes, it is possible to manage type 2 diabetes effectively and keep your blood sugar levels in the target range. In this article, we will provide an overview of the steps you can take to get type 2 diabetes under control.Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic condition where the body does not produce enough insulin or is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces. This results in high levels of glucose in the blood, which can lead to serious health complications such as nerve damage, kidney damage, vision loss, and heart disease. Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes typically involves lifestyle changes such as healthy eating and regular physical activity as well as medications to help manage blood sugar levels.

Genetics and Family History

Type 2 diabetes is known to have a strong genetic component, which means that it tends to run in families. This means that if you have a close relative such as a parent or sibling who has the condition, you may be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes yourself. Additionally, having certain ethnic or racial backgrounds may also increase your risk of developing the condition.

Obesity and Weight

Carrying excess weight, especially around your waistline, is strongly associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Being overweight or obese can cause your body to become resistant to insulin, which can lead to high blood glucose levels. Losing even a small amount of weight can help reduce your risk for diabetes and improve your overall health.

Physical Inactivity

Regular physical activity can help reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes. Exercise helps maintain healthy blood glucose levels by improving the body’s sensitivity to insulin and helping to remove excess glucose from the bloodstream. Being physically active for at least 30 minutes per day on most days of the week is recommended for adults.

Unhealthy Diet

Eating an unhealthy diet that is high in calories and low in essential nutrients can contribute to weight gain and increase your risk of type 2 diabetes. Eating foods high in sugar, saturated fat, processed foods, and refined grains are all linked to an increased risk of this chronic condition. Eating a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish, legumes, and healthy fats can help reduce your risk.


Your age is also an important factor when it comes to type 2 diabetes. As you age, your body’s ability to process glucose decreases which can put you at higher risk for developing the condition. Additionally, as you age hormones like estrogen decline which can also make it more difficult for your body to regulate blood sugar levels effectively.

Diagnosing Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious medical condition that affects millions of people around the world. It is important to identify and diagnose diabetes as early as possible to ensure that the disease can be managed effectively. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, and it is caused by a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Diagnosing type 2 diabetes requires a careful examination of symptoms, medical history, and lab tests.

The first step in diagnosing type 2 diabetes is for a doctor to take a detailed medical history from the patient. During this process, the doctor will look for any signs or symptoms that could indicate diabetes, such as increased thirst or frequent urination. Additionally, the doctor will ask about any family history of diabetes or risk factors such as obesity or physical inactivity.

After taking the patient’s medical history, the doctor may order lab tests such as a fasting blood sugar test or an oral glucose tolerance test. These tests measure levels of glucose in the blood and can help to diagnose type 2 diabetes if they are abnormal. If these tests show high levels of glucose in the blood, then it is likely that the patient has type 2 diabetes.

In some cases, doctors may also order additional tests such as an A1C test or a urine test to further confirm the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. An A1C test measures average levels of glucose over several months while a urine test measures ketones in the urine which can indicate high levels of glucose in the blood.

Once type 2 diabetes has been diagnosed, it is important for patients to work with their healthcare team to develop an appropriate treatment plan that includes lifestyle changes such as healthy eating and increased physical activity as well as medications if necessary. With proper management and care, individuals living with type 2 diabetes can lead active and healthy lives.

Managing Blood Sugar Levels

Managing blood sugar levels is an important part of managing diabetes. There are many ways to keep your blood sugar in a healthy range, including eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and monitoring your blood sugar levels. Eating a balanced diet means limiting foods that are high in carbohydrates and added sugars, while still getting enough vitamins and minerals. This can be done by eating more fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Exercise helps to maintain healthy blood sugar levels by increasing the body’s sensitivity to insulin. Regular physical activity also helps to reduce stress, which can also affect blood sugar levels.

Monitoring your blood sugar levels regularly is an important part of managing diabetes. A glucometer is a device used to measure the amount of glucose in the blood. It is important to check your blood sugar level before meals and at bedtime or anytime you experience symptoms of high or low glucose levels. If your results show that your glucose level is too high or too low, you should seek medical advice.

In addition to diet and exercise, medications may be prescribed as part of diabetes management. Insulin injections are one form of medication used to help manage diabetes by controlling the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. Other medications may be prescribed depending on the type of diabetes you have.

Managing blood sugar levels requires a combination of lifestyle changes such as diet and physical activity plus medication when needed. Keeping track of your glucose readings will help you know if you need to make any changes in order to stay within a healthy range. With careful monitoring and lifestyle changes, it is possible for people with diabetes to lead full and active lives.

how to control my diabetes type 2

how to get type 2 diabetes under control